Let’s review question word: kahaa
Anita kahaa hai? = Where is Anita?
Amit kahaa lunch kha-ta hai? = Amit eats lunch where?
Radha is where? =
Suresh watches a movie where? =
me = in
In Hindi, the order of prepositions is flipped:
in a restaurant becomes: restaurant in
me = in
restaurant me = in restaurant
Now replace the kahaa with the preposition
Amit kahaa lunch kha-ta hai? -> Amit restaurant me lunch kha-ta hai
Radha kahaa paDh-ti hai? -> Radha library me paDh-ti hai
Suresh asks a question where? =
Suresh asks a question in the class =
Anita sees a movie where? =
Anita sees a movie in a movie theater =
pe = on
pe = on
par = on
again, we flip the order:
terrace pe = on the terrace
Anita lunch kha-ti hai terrace pe = Anita eats lunch on the terrace
Amit picture dekh-ta hai couch pe = Amit watches a movie on the couch
Radha sees a bird on the terrace =
Rohit eats dinner on the table =
Easy way for English speakers
We move the phrase to the end because:
1) the structure is similar to English grammar
2) this way sounds more spontaneous
Suraj is going to Mumbai with Priya =
Easy English speaker version:
Suraj lunch kha-ta hai, riya ke saath
Harder Hindi textbook version:
2) Suraj Priya ke saath Mumbai ja raha hai
We’ll start with the English speaker version and then gradually include the textbook version
Try both ways:
Anil makes a dosa for Radha =
Sita is going to the park with her mom =
kahaa = where
We directly put kahaa as the second word:
Amit dinner kha-ta hai -> Amit kahaa dinner kha-ta hai
= Where does Amit eat lunch?
aap kahaa rah-te hai? = You live where? (Where do you live)
You speak Hindi where? (bol) =
Where does Anita live? (rah) =
kab = when
add kab in the second place:
Radha kab breakfast kha-ti hai = Radha eats breakfast when?
aap kab office ja-te hai = You go to the office when?
Suraj speaks Hindi when? =
When does Priya eat lunch? =
kyo = why
kyo = why
add kyo in the second place –
Radha kyo lecture sun-ti hai? = Radha hears the lecture why?
aap kyo kitab paDh-te hai? = Why do you read the book?
Anil plays soccer why? =
Why does Radha make biryani? =
kaise = how
kaisa = how
Amit kaisa hai? = How is Amit?
Amit achcha hai = Amit is good/fine
kaisa is gendered: use kaisi for feminine subjects
Radha kaisi hai? = How is Radha?
Radha theek hai = Radha is OK
How are you? (to a girl) =
How is Anita?
Remember to use “e” for singular you:
How are you? (to a man) =