Answering with prepositions

Background Review:

Let’s review question word: kahaa



Anita kahaa hai? = Where is Anita?



Amit kahaa lunch kha-ta hai? = Amit eats lunch where?

You Try...

Radha is where? =

Suresh watches a movie where? =

me = in

In Hindi, the order of prepositions is flipped:

in a restaurant becomes:  restaurant in






me = in

restaurant me = in restaurant 



Now replace the kahaa with the preposition

Amit kahaa lunch kha-ta hai? -> Amit restaurant me lunch kha-ta hai




Radha kahaa paDh-ti hai? -> Radha library me paDh-ti hai





You Try...

Suresh asks a question where? =

Suresh asks a question in the class =



Anita sees a movie where? = 

Anita sees a movie in a movie theater =



pe = on

pe = on

par = on



again, we flip the order:

terrace pe = on the terrace




Anita lunch kha-ti hai terrace pe = Anita eats lunch on the terrace 






Amit picture dekh-ta hai couch pe = Amit watches a movie on the couch





You Try...

Radha sees a bird on the terrace =


Rohit eats dinner on the table = 

Easy way for English speakers

We move the phrase to the end because:

1) the structure is similar to English grammar

2) this way sounds more spontaneous 

Suraj is going to Mumbai with Priya = 

Easy English speaker version:

Suraj lunch kha-ta hai,  riya ke saath 

Harder Hindi textbook version:

2) Suraj Priya ke saath Mumbai ja raha hai

We’ll start with the English speaker version and then gradually include the textbook version

You Try...

Try both ways:

Anil makes a dosa for Radha =

Sita is going to the park with her mom = 


kahaa = where




We directly put kahaa as the second word:


Amit dinner kha-ta hai -> Amit kahaa dinner kha-ta hai


= Where does Amit eat lunch?





aap kahaa rah-te hai? = You live where?  (Where do you live)

You Try...

You speak Hindi where? (bol) = 


Where does Anita live? (rah) = 


kab = when




add kab in the second place:

Radha kab breakfast kha-ti hai = Radha eats breakfast when?





aap kab office ja-te hai = You go to the office when?

You Try...

Suraj speaks Hindi when? =


When does Priya eat lunch? =

kyo = why

kyo = why




Same rule:

add kyo in the second place –

Radha kyo lecture sun-ti hai? = Radha hears the lecture why?





aap kyo kitab paDh-te hai? = Why do you read the book?

You Try...

Anil plays soccer why? = 


Why does Radha make biryani? =


kaise = how

kaisa = how



Amit kaisa hai? = How is Amit?

Amit achcha hai = Amit is good/fine



kaisa is gendered: use kaisi for feminine subjects

Radha kaisi hai? = How is Radha?

Radha theek hai = Radha is OK


You Try...

How are you? (to a girl) =


How is Anita?


Remember to use “e” for singular you:

How are you? (to a man) =


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