Using sak na: can

Background

Let’s understand how to say I can do something.



But first let’s review our basic sentence:

Radha dekh-ti hai = Radha sees 

 

 

 

 

 

sak = to be able

Radha ___ sak-ti hai = Radha can (template sentence)

 

 

 

 

 

sak is very useful for asking permission and requesting

You Try...

Radha speaks =

I can = 

Grammar Construction

1) First we conjugate sak:

Radha sak-ti hai = Radha can (template sentence)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2) Add the verb: bol (no conjugation)

Radha bol sak-ti hai = Radha can speak

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

One more time:

mai sak-ti hu -> mai sun sak-ti hu = I can hear

You Try...

I can speak =

I can speak Hindi =

Asking questions for permissions

Using sak, we can ask for permissions:

Radha cricket khel sak-ti hai = Radha can play cricket

 

 

 

 

 

now we add a question inflection at the end

Radha cricket khel sak-ti hai? = Radha can play cricket?

 

 

(asking if Radha has the ability to play cricket)

 

 

 

 

 

 

And it also means 

= May Radha play cricket?

(ask permission)

 

 

 

 

 

Can you guess the meaning of this?

Radha kab cricket khel sak-ti hai?

You Try...

May I make the dosa? =

How may I make the dosa? (kaise) = 

 

Making a request

When we ask a question using aap, it becomes a request:

 

aap window khol sak-ti hai = You can open a window

aap window khol sak-ti hai? = Can you open the window?

= Could you (please) open the window?

You Try...

Could you go to the market? =

 

Two way of requesting

So far, we’ve learned two ways to requesting:

1) with sak (very polite):

aap market ja sak-ti hai? = Could you go please to the market? (Very polite)

 

 

2) with the Gentle Request -iye conjugation (moderately polite)

market ja-iye = Please go the market

You Try...

Try both ways to request someone to make tea

QUESTIONS?

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