Present Tense

Background Review

Let’s review:

 

 

 

 vo movie dekh-ti hai = She watches a movie

 

You Try...

She eats pizza (kha) = vo…

For Males

For males change the ti to ta

 

 

 

 

vo pizza kha-ti hai becomes…


vo pizza kha-ta hai = He eats pizza

 

 

 

*vo = she or he

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

vo song sun-ta hai = He hears a song

You Try...

He sees a movie (dekh) = vo…

He speaks Hindi (bol) = 

They (women)

vo = she/he becomes…

 

 

ve = they (all genders)

 

 

 

 

 

 

For all women, replace vo with ve:

ve question pooch-ti hai = They ask a question

 

 

 

 

 

ve Hindi bol-ti hai = They ask a question

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*hai is actually hai(n).

There is a very slight nasalization for plurals and we will cover it in detail in the future.

You Try...

They see a movie (dekh) = ve…

They make coffee (banaa) =

They (for men)

For masculine:

 

ta becomes te

 

 

 

 

 

 

ve movie dekh-te hai = They see a movie

ve chai bana-te hai = They make tea

 

You Try...

They come home (aa) = ve…

They play soccer (khel) = 

Mixed Gender Plurals

Good news! Like in French, Spanish and many other languages…

 

 

 

 

Mixed Gender is same as the Masculine Gender

 

 

 

 

ve Hindi bol-te hai = They speak Hindi 

 

 

 


can mean:

Women and men in a group speak Hindi

OR

Only men speak Hindi

You Try...

They make tea (banaa) = ve…

We

We is easy….

 

 

 

 

 

ham = we 

 

 

 

 

“We” uses the same conjugation as “they”

 

 

 

 

 

 

women:

ham roti kha-ti hai = we (women) eat roti 

 

 

 

 

 

 

men or mixed group:

ham movie dekh-te hai = we watch a movie

 

 

 

 

 

 

You Try...

For women:

We women speak Hindi (bol) = ham…

 

 

 

For men:

We hear a song (sun) = 

You (plurals)

“You” conjugation is also the same…

 

 

 

 



When talking to women:


aap Hindi bol-ti hai = You speak Hindi

 

 

 

 

When talking to men or mixed group:

aap Hindi bol-te hai = You speak Hindi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

important rule: if you don’t know the gender, use te


aap Hindi bol-te hai = You speak Hindi

 

 

 

You Try...

When talking to women:

You play soccer (khel) = aap…

 

 

 

When talking to men:

You make pizza (banaa) = aap…

Exception: You (for 1 man)

even when addressing a single man, we will use te

 

 

aap sun-ta hai = You hear (incorrect)


aap sun-te hai = You hear (correct)

 

You Try...

When talking to 1 man:

You eat dosa (kha) = aap…

You make pizza (banaa) = 

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